Author Archives: Karlene
One of the amazing aspects of the Bulb is the natural landscape. These videos captured by Briana Flores show the natural beauty of the Bulb as well as some of the sculptures left by artists. Former residents and community members still enjoy theses visual masterpieces daily.
The Albany Bulb was originally a construction dump. Trash from the city of Albany was disposed of in the water forming the landmass which now exists. When the site ceased to be a landfill in 1983, what remained were the narrow neck and bulb jutting out into the San Francisco Bay. After the bulb ceased to be used as a dump, homeless people took up residence at the site and built elaborate houses, community buildings, and artwork out of the construction debris. The area became a park and was used by the surrounding community for outdoor recreation. Recently, the Albany Bulb transferred ownership and the residents of the Bulb were evicted. This action sparked a controversy between multiple stakeholder groups who feel connected to the site and wish to regain access.
The Albany Bulb is located to the north-west of Golden Gate Fields and west of the junction of I-80 and I-580 in Albany, California.
During the first habitation of the Bulb, the homeless were encouraged to take residence there instead of being on the streets. The public officials wanted them off the streets and away from society. The people built spaces they could live in with the materials left over from the landfill. The dwellings that were at the site ranged from makeshift tents to elaborate construction projects with more than one story in height. Remnants of the structures remain today that showcase the once vibrant and innovative community that resided there. To learn more about the former residents follow the link to the documentary Bum’ s Paradise.
The city of Albany’s plan was to make the land more appealing for families, hikers, bikers, sightseers, and wildlife preserves. The people of the bulb were forced once again to move on to the unknown. The process of removing the residents began in 2013, and the construction is currently underway. The most current eviction of homeless groups came in 2014 when 28 residents were forced to vacate the premises. In return the city granted them $3,000 each to relocate and stay away for a twelve month period. One factor that must be considered as development of the Bulb progresses, is the fact that for over fifteen years the Albany Bulb was the location of a complex community that was unique to the Bay Area.
Landscape and Setting
The landscape is interesting because the intense juxtaposition of human-made materials and native plants and animals. This mingling of wilderness and urban space calls into question the human-nature separation that is often characteristic of park narratives. The space is contentious because of the multiple and conflicting narratives which are argued by stakeholder groups. The city wishes to return the land to its natural state, but this argument derives from a concept of the wilderness which is based on a problematic philosophical divide between humans and nature .
The bulb is used every day at all hours by dog walkers, hikers, and bikers. Perhaps one of the most unique current uses of this place is the use of rubble and debris to make beautiful works of art, and those works of art are the subjects for many professional photographers, who frequent the bulb for its scenery and fusion of urban development and nature.
Ownership and responsibility
The Albany Bulb is currently owned by East Bay Regional Parks, but it is being transferred to State Parks. As this project is being compiled the city continues to develop the Bulb. Right now use of the space is limited as the East Bay Regional Parks continues to redevelop the land to improve public access around the neck of the Bulb. This includes limiting where the public is able to go and will continue until from summer 2015 to the end of winter 2015 . Although patrons can still access parts of the bulb it is hard to imagine how people will continue to use the Bulb until the construction is complete
Current protection and conservation
Measures are being taken to protect the sculptures and artwork at the Bulb, as well as preserve some sense of community by recording stories of Albany Bulb residents. Wildlife and native plants are protected by creating habitat and ecologically friendly spaces. Mitigating hazardous waste at the site will improve the space for everyone.
Key Players, Interest Groups and Process of consultation
The numerous stakeholders and stewards and complex history of this site pose both ethical debates and questions as to how the Bulb should continue to be preserved and who should have the agency to decide who is and is not allowed to use the Bulb.
The remaining waste can be viewed through two lenses; the city and the East Bay State Parks claims that the site has adapted in recent years to serve as a recreational area for individuals and the current state promotes health and safety issues. In addition, they see the area as an eyesore because of its recent history as a “homeless” encampment.
The city aims to remove the exposed concrete, rubble, and protruding rebar to “enhance the conservation value and accessibility of the Albany Bulb”. The alternate viewpoint shared by many Bulb goers is that of the landscape should be left to decay “naturally” because an accessibility and enhancement project will change the way the culture of the space is interpreted. Despite these differing viewpoints, it is crucial to look at the implications and associated environmental impacts of each plan of action. In addition local homeless residents came to the Bulb as a place to seek refuge and create their own community.
The goal of this project is to reach out to children and young adults through the school system. In order for this history to live on, it must be taught through school curriculum. The project will incorporate these themes of community and recycling by teaching a younger generation a little bit of forgotten history and the causes that made it what it was.
In order to get to the younger generation to learn about the bulb, we need to find a way to immerse them into this history. This project will incorporate themes of art and liability. The Albany Bulb is not a kid friendly place at the moment, so this plan will be actualized at a future date when the bulb has been made safe and accessible. The plan for now is to have the young students learn about the Albany Bulb in school. There will be a curriculum taught by a guest speaker to teach the children about the history of the bulb. The goal is to capture the interest of the children without taking them into the bulb and exposing them to potential hazards.
The presentation will consist of photos, audio, video, and hands-on learning. For the hands-on aspect of the lesson, they will learn how to recycle objects that would have otherwise been thrown out and how to reuse objects that can be turned into art or useful tools. For example, they will receive a few items and be asked to take a moment to reimagine them as something else, whether it be an art piece, a tool, or both. In this lesson plan, they will learn about their community’s unspoken history and how to reuse objects to create something could have another purpose or use.
When the Albany Bulb is safer for children to go there, it will be a better experience overall. There will still be guest speakers there to provide a guided tour of the bulb and have the children go to key points at the site. The fieldtrip will be a morning to early afternoon lunch trip in which the students can provide their own lunches or lunches can be provided if there is enough funding. They will visit the locations where the sites would have been and they might possibly be able to use an app to help them see what the site looked like, had the Bulb not been constructed into a park. Those who go on the tour will also be asked to do a project that is hands on. For the younger kids, they will be asked to do drawing projects to make the site more fun for them.
Older students (middle school through high school), will be asked to do some non-official archaeology at the site. Each student will participate in a survey of a particular area or as much of the bulb as they can get to in a day. The goal is to immerse young student in the bulb’s past by having them walk around and explore. Their guides will explain and answer questions about particular sites and objects that might come up along the way.
This interactive project touches on sustainability in a few ways. First off, through this project, the students can add to the sustainability of scientific data by doing surveys and learning about research topics. Having them out in the field will give them a better understanding of the type of work that takes place when looking to preserve aspects of the past. The way in which the students will be able to visit and revisit the site, each time being reminded of the intangible and tangible heritage there will add to the sustainability of the Bulb’s past. Finally, the field trips will focus on doing low impact archaeology and projects that aim at keeping the site from being damaged while still being remembered.
As the city plans to gentrify the park, the art in its current location is in danger. This raises questions of authenticity and sense of place pertaining to the art. The end result of this interpretative plan constitutes display cases placed throughout the Albany Bulb showcasing art of the Bulb commissioned by local artists.
Albany Canvas is a unique program that would be created in cooperation with the city of Albany as a way to preserve the artwork of the Bulb. The focus of this particular interpretive plan is to integrate a way to save some of the art while also encouraging community involvement within the space. The art walk would include a guided tour of the Bulb by former residents and artists. After being inspired by the art walk and taking in the sights, smells, and sounds of the Bulb, artists would be encouraged to create their own artwork that encompasses what the Bulb means to them and their community.
The proposal for this interactive art collaboration is as follows: Throughout the course of a year, which would begin with the guided art walk, visitors would be encouraged to visit the Bulb and interpret the art through different medias, including but not limited to; photography, film, painting, etc. The artists would be allowed to upload their artwork to a website that is designed to share the Bulb’s art culture with visitors.
The intention is that by allowing locals to upload their art, the personal experiences and ways of viewing the Bulb and its wild landscape will remain accessible to everyone rather than the proposal for the area that the city is attempting to present, which considers removing the artwork completely. After the one-year duration of artistic creation the art would be used to create an installation and be given to the city to incorporate into their plan.
Although the East Bay Regional Parks District does not yet operate the actual Bulb and is only working on the Neck they have been given permission by the city to operate the area in the future. On the East Bay Shore Regional Park website they claim that, “The District has a responsibility to preserve the legacy and the history of the peoples who occupied this land before the District was established and park properties acquired, as well as to preserve the history of the District itself. It would appear that upon their acquisition of the Albany Bulb it would be within their mission statement to preserve the art.
Preserving the art can be done in many different ways. Although this interpretative plan empathizes with the sentiments of former residents who want the art to remain at the Bulb realistically we understand why the city wants to remove the art due to issues of liability and maintenance costs. Therefore, this plan suggests that the artwork be removed and placed in museum to be enjoyed and preserved as part of the history and culture of the Bay Area.