Category Archives: Albany-Bulb
Short Term Management Plan (5-years)
Within the next five years there will be a push to get the community involved. Reaching out to the school system will help get younger generations involved in learning about the significance of the bulb. The goal is to capture the interest of children without taking them to the bulb while it is still unsafe due to trash and hazardous materials, and to have them learn about their community’s unspoken history.
It is also necessary to start the planning and funding for the construction of a new community building on the site. The building will be used by park rangers, members involved with the bulb field trips, and also will be used as a visitor site. The theme of recycling will be incorporated into the new building to emphasize what makes the Albany Bulb so unique. The building will also have a natural water tower, solar panels, and an outdoor sculpture garden on the roof to display whatever art is salvaged from the bulb.
Long term management plan (25-years)
The following section explores climate projections and suggests based on the evidence how the site could possibly change in the next century. A 2012 report from the California Energy Commission’s California Climate Change Center (CECCCCC), reveals that both temperature and climate changes due to greenhouse gasses and global warming will affect a majority of the bay area’s coastal sites. The two that directly affect the future of the Bulb are temperature increases and rising sea levels.
All of the statistics reveal that within the next 25 the Bulb will begin to deteriorate from these environmental conditions, raising the question of what can be done now and in the future to preserve this landscape? A proposed solution to these climate changes can be found in the ANBTIP plan which includes the creation of revetment walls. This is an extremely large cost but one that the city is willing to undertake.
Implementation of Heritage in the Future
In addition to continuing to use the site as an educational tool about social issues there will still be the possibility of using the space as a place for art to be present and practiced. The city of Albany in their proposals has already suggested a willingness to discuss the topic of a performative space. The best example of this would be to look at the Weplayers Theatre Company. In 2006, they presented their rendition of the Tempest at the Albany Bulb. For more photos of the We Players rendition of The Tempest at the bulb, please visit: http://www.weplayers.org/portfolio/tempest
Preserving the site means preserving the memory of what the Bulb once was and what it will continue to be in the future. In the next twenty-five years, we would suggest that the city sets aside the funds for an anthropological study and publication of the Bulb. This would encompass the history of the homeless and the transition into a vacant park used by dog owners and community members, eventually ending with the current state of the bulb.
Significance of the Albany Bulb
A dump is a place where waste resides and where unwanted things go die. It is virtually forgotten by the people who deposit materials and is only remembered when an individual must again go to the dump to dispose of additional objects. The question to ask in the context of the Albany Bulb project is when does a dump lose stigma and gain the status of a site representing sociocultural value (Mason)? In the case of the Albany Bulb, this shift began to take place when formerly homeless people began to take up residence there.
Some might wonder how it is that a landfill dump can have value. Therein lies the uniqueness of the Albany Bulb, and why it holds so much value to the people of the community and the former residents. First and foremost, the bulb is valuable because of its history. Many people place value on a site or area simply because it has been around for a long time (Mason 11). Since the creation of the neck of the bulb began in the 1940’s with the construction of Golden Gate Fields, it qualifies as a historical place (more than 50 years old), which makes it of value. Historical value is just one of the sociocultural values attached to the Albany Bulb.
Social value is one of the most important aspects concerning the bulb and the future preservation of tangible and intangible heritage surrounding this place. Randall Mason defines social value as “place attachment…social cohesion, community identity, or other feelings of affiliation that social groups (whether very small and local, or national in scale) derive from the specific heritage and environment characteristics of their ‘home’ territory.” To the former residents of the bulb, place attachment is everything. They literally built their homes on this land and lived there for decades. One can still see brick flooring, sectioned off gardens, and artifacts that remain in the places where the former bulb residents built their homes. The emotional and physical attachment that the residents felt is what makes the bulb so valuable to them and to the community members who support their right to the land.
The Albany Bulb is free to visit and needs little development to fulfill its value as a heritage place. However, the site needs to be made accessible to the people who originally used the area, as well as the park visitors and dogwalking community. In order to achieve this, the management policies need to be changed. The primary problem with the management of the site is that is was not managed at all for many years. The biggest issue would be to have a consistent management plan and implementation from the state. That being said, the state and city need to work together with the former residents, community, and other stakeholders in order to create management policies that not only reflect the values of the various stakeholders, but also respect their right to the bulb as a heritage place.
One of the amazing aspects of the Bulb is the natural landscape. These videos captured by Briana Flores show the natural beauty of the Bulb as well as some of the sculptures left by artists. Former residents and community members still enjoy theses visual masterpieces daily.
This proposed interpretive project aims at getting visitors engaged by sharing stories and connecting people through the landscape and exchange of meaningful objects. The game would be similar to geocaching, where visitors to the Albany Bulb use smart phones or GPS enabled devices to find hidden caches of items. Normally, people who geocache take an item from the geocache and replace it with a different item. The Albany Bulb exchange game would also require visitors to complete certain tasks or share stories as part of an app in order to access the items inside the geocache. Although various interpretive projects involving stories already exist at the Bulb, this project would build upon these plans because it would require participants to experience the place and formulate alternate narratives in addition to contributing stories.
Each box would be locked with a code, and the participant of the geocaching game would need to complete a task on an app in order to receive the code to open the cache. The stories and responses from other visitors would be viewable on the website, and participants in the game can contribute to any or all of the deposits. Participants would be informed of liability concerns pertinent to the Albany Bulb before they are permitted to participate.
The game would be able to be played individually or as a group, provided at least one person has a GPS-enabled device. The targeted audience includes both regular visitors and people who are new to the Albany Bulb. Here are some examples of tasks which a participant might be asked to complete:
- Cache 1: Share a favorite memory of the Albany Bulb and post it to the website.
- Cache 2: Post a picture of their favorite tree or plant at the Albany Bulb.
- Cache 3: Describe how the Albany Bulb smells.
- Cache 4: Share a story about the object they plan to deposit in the cache, and why it is meaningful and related to the Albany Bulb.
- Cache 5: Participants given a story about the history of the Albany Bulb so far, and asked to write an alternate ending.
- Cache 6: Participants given a description of the Albany Bulb and asked to write an alternate beginning or history of the place.
- Cache 7: Add on to a story contributed by the last visitor.
This interpretive project plan incorporates multiple project themes: landscape, alternative narratives, nature versus human dichotomy, art, communities. The game would contribute towards sustainability because it would facilitate discussion about the past and future of the site in light of the relationship between humans, the environment and waste disposal.
by Brenda Arjona
Project Thrutime is an application to be used on smartphones, both iOS and android will support this app, that is meant to digitally transport you through time. Like other similar apps (DeTour, Layar, Rephoto), Thrutime is meant to be used while you are at a particular site, and its aim is to
enhance your experience at that place by immersing you in the environment without the restrictions of time. You can digitally travel into the past through the various features that Thrutime has to offer.
Project Thrutime allows one to explore and experience the heritage and culture of a past place, in this case the Albany Bulb, by incorporating photography, audio, and virtual architecture. For example, you can use this app to do an audio tour, which has a more structured and guided feel to it. Another option is to just explore the various structures that existed at the bulb through photographs and sound. For frequent bulb-goers, there will also be an option that allows you to overlay your older photographs with the current scenery to see how things have changed. All of these features will incorporate GPS data and will track your location as you explore the bulb.
This project will draw in audiences of many ages and walks of life. The app can be experienced by former residents, community members, tourists, and even those who have sought to destroy the bulb can learn something from the app. Various stakeholders are included in these groups of people, but the goal is to not exclude people from having this experience. Our aim is that Thrutime is easy enough to use for those that may not be technologically savvy.
Thrutime will allow the intangible and tangible heritage to be accessible through one app and also to be salvaged and stored digitally for future generations to experience. Although time, along with the state’s developments and the city’s enforcements, will eventually transform the Albany Bulb into just another bay area park, sustainability will be achieved through the technological advancements and heritage preservation. We also plan to create a feature that allows anyone to contribute photography, audio, and video files from their experiences at the bulb, which will create a sustainable and evolving cache of heritage.
Lastly, there will be a feature in Thrutime that will allow app users to track their experience at the Albany Bulb and then save and upload a custom made “story-map” to Facebook.
The story-map will incorporate photos and 20 second videos (like Snap-Chat) at specific checkpoints or landmarks, which the app user creates. This map will be interactive, so others will be able to click on checkpoints created by the user and view the photos/video associated with the checkpoints. The goal is to create an experience that can not only be easily shared on social media, but can be fun to talk about and might encourage more people to create their own unique story at the Albany Bulb, and hopefully keep the bulb alive for future generations.
The Albany Bulb was originally a construction dump. Trash from the city of Albany was disposed of in the water forming the landmass which now exists. When the site ceased to be a landfill in 1983, what remained were the narrow neck and bulb jutting out into the San Francisco Bay. After the bulb ceased to be used as a dump, homeless people took up residence at the site and built elaborate houses, community buildings, and artwork out of the construction debris. The area became a park and was used by the surrounding community for outdoor recreation. Recently, the Albany Bulb transferred ownership and the residents of the Bulb were evicted. This action sparked a controversy between multiple stakeholder groups who feel connected to the site and wish to regain access.
The Albany Bulb is located to the north-west of Golden Gate Fields and west of the junction of I-80 and I-580 in Albany, California.
During the first habitation of the Bulb, the homeless were encouraged to take residence there instead of being on the streets. The public officials wanted them off the streets and away from society. The people built spaces they could live in with the materials left over from the landfill. The dwellings that were at the site ranged from makeshift tents to elaborate construction projects with more than one story in height. Remnants of the structures remain today that showcase the once vibrant and innovative community that resided there. To learn more about the former residents follow the link to the documentary Bum’ s Paradise.
The city of Albany’s plan was to make the land more appealing for families, hikers, bikers, sightseers, and wildlife preserves. The people of the bulb were forced once again to move on to the unknown. The process of removing the residents began in 2013, and the construction is currently underway. The most current eviction of homeless groups came in 2014 when 28 residents were forced to vacate the premises. In return the city granted them $3,000 each to relocate and stay away for a twelve month period. One factor that must be considered as development of the Bulb progresses, is the fact that for over fifteen years the Albany Bulb was the location of a complex community that was unique to the Bay Area.
Landscape and Setting
The landscape is interesting because the intense juxtaposition of human-made materials and native plants and animals. This mingling of wilderness and urban space calls into question the human-nature separation that is often characteristic of park narratives. The space is contentious because of the multiple and conflicting narratives which are argued by stakeholder groups. The city wishes to return the land to its natural state, but this argument derives from a concept of the wilderness which is based on a problematic philosophical divide between humans and nature .
The bulb is used every day at all hours by dog walkers, hikers, and bikers. Perhaps one of the most unique current uses of this place is the use of rubble and debris to make beautiful works of art, and those works of art are the subjects for many professional photographers, who frequent the bulb for its scenery and fusion of urban development and nature.
Ownership and responsibility
The Albany Bulb is currently owned by East Bay Regional Parks, but it is being transferred to State Parks. As this project is being compiled the city continues to develop the Bulb. Right now use of the space is limited as the East Bay Regional Parks continues to redevelop the land to improve public access around the neck of the Bulb. This includes limiting where the public is able to go and will continue until from summer 2015 to the end of winter 2015 . Although patrons can still access parts of the bulb it is hard to imagine how people will continue to use the Bulb until the construction is complete
Current protection and conservation
Measures are being taken to protect the sculptures and artwork at the Bulb, as well as preserve some sense of community by recording stories of Albany Bulb residents. Wildlife and native plants are protected by creating habitat and ecologically friendly spaces. Mitigating hazardous waste at the site will improve the space for everyone.
Key Players, Interest Groups and Process of consultation
The numerous stakeholders and stewards and complex history of this site pose both ethical debates and questions as to how the Bulb should continue to be preserved and who should have the agency to decide who is and is not allowed to use the Bulb.
The remaining waste can be viewed through two lenses; the city and the East Bay State Parks claims that the site has adapted in recent years to serve as a recreational area for individuals and the current state promotes health and safety issues. In addition, they see the area as an eyesore because of its recent history as a “homeless” encampment.
The city aims to remove the exposed concrete, rubble, and protruding rebar to “enhance the conservation value and accessibility of the Albany Bulb”. The alternate viewpoint shared by many Bulb goers is that of the landscape should be left to decay “naturally” because an accessibility and enhancement project will change the way the culture of the space is interpreted. Despite these differing viewpoints, it is crucial to look at the implications and associated environmental impacts of each plan of action. In addition local homeless residents came to the Bulb as a place to seek refuge and create their own community.
The goal of this project is to reach out to children and young adults through the school system. In order for this history to live on, it must be taught through school curriculum. The project will incorporate these themes of community and recycling by teaching a younger generation a little bit of forgotten history and the causes that made it what it was.
In order to get to the younger generation to learn about the bulb, we need to find a way to immerse them into this history. This project will incorporate themes of art and liability. The Albany Bulb is not a kid friendly place at the moment, so this plan will be actualized at a future date when the bulb has been made safe and accessible. The plan for now is to have the young students learn about the Albany Bulb in school. There will be a curriculum taught by a guest speaker to teach the children about the history of the bulb. The goal is to capture the interest of the children without taking them into the bulb and exposing them to potential hazards.
The presentation will consist of photos, audio, video, and hands-on learning. For the hands-on aspect of the lesson, they will learn how to recycle objects that would have otherwise been thrown out and how to reuse objects that can be turned into art or useful tools. For example, they will receive a few items and be asked to take a moment to reimagine them as something else, whether it be an art piece, a tool, or both. In this lesson plan, they will learn about their community’s unspoken history and how to reuse objects to create something could have another purpose or use.
When the Albany Bulb is safer for children to go there, it will be a better experience overall. There will still be guest speakers there to provide a guided tour of the bulb and have the children go to key points at the site. The fieldtrip will be a morning to early afternoon lunch trip in which the students can provide their own lunches or lunches can be provided if there is enough funding. They will visit the locations where the sites would have been and they might possibly be able to use an app to help them see what the site looked like, had the Bulb not been constructed into a park. Those who go on the tour will also be asked to do a project that is hands on. For the younger kids, they will be asked to do drawing projects to make the site more fun for them.
Older students (middle school through high school), will be asked to do some non-official archaeology at the site. Each student will participate in a survey of a particular area or as much of the bulb as they can get to in a day. The goal is to immerse young student in the bulb’s past by having them walk around and explore. Their guides will explain and answer questions about particular sites and objects that might come up along the way.
This interactive project touches on sustainability in a few ways. First off, through this project, the students can add to the sustainability of scientific data by doing surveys and learning about research topics. Having them out in the field will give them a better understanding of the type of work that takes place when looking to preserve aspects of the past. The way in which the students will be able to visit and revisit the site, each time being reminded of the intangible and tangible heritage there will add to the sustainability of the Bulb’s past. Finally, the field trips will focus on doing low impact archaeology and projects that aim at keeping the site from being damaged while still being remembered.
As the city plans to gentrify the park, the art in its current location is in danger. This raises questions of authenticity and sense of place pertaining to the art. The end result of this interpretative plan constitutes display cases placed throughout the Albany Bulb showcasing art of the Bulb commissioned by local artists.
Albany Canvas is a unique program that would be created in cooperation with the city of Albany as a way to preserve the artwork of the Bulb. The focus of this particular interpretive plan is to integrate a way to save some of the art while also encouraging community involvement within the space. The art walk would include a guided tour of the Bulb by former residents and artists. After being inspired by the art walk and taking in the sights, smells, and sounds of the Bulb, artists would be encouraged to create their own artwork that encompasses what the Bulb means to them and their community.
The proposal for this interactive art collaboration is as follows: Throughout the course of a year, which would begin with the guided art walk, visitors would be encouraged to visit the Bulb and interpret the art through different medias, including but not limited to; photography, film, painting, etc. The artists would be allowed to upload their artwork to a website that is designed to share the Bulb’s art culture with visitors.
The intention is that by allowing locals to upload their art, the personal experiences and ways of viewing the Bulb and its wild landscape will remain accessible to everyone rather than the proposal for the area that the city is attempting to present, which considers removing the artwork completely. After the one-year duration of artistic creation the art would be used to create an installation and be given to the city to incorporate into their plan.
Although the East Bay Regional Parks District does not yet operate the actual Bulb and is only working on the Neck they have been given permission by the city to operate the area in the future. On the East Bay Shore Regional Park website they claim that, “The District has a responsibility to preserve the legacy and the history of the peoples who occupied this land before the District was established and park properties acquired, as well as to preserve the history of the District itself. It would appear that upon their acquisition of the Albany Bulb it would be within their mission statement to preserve the art.
Preserving the art can be done in many different ways. Although this interpretative plan empathizes with the sentiments of former residents who want the art to remain at the Bulb realistically we understand why the city wants to remove the art due to issues of liability and maintenance costs. Therefore, this plan suggests that the artwork be removed and placed in museum to be enjoyed and preserved as part of the history and culture of the Bay Area.